Abadie, Alberto, Susan Athey, Guido W. Imbens, and Jeffrey M. Wooldridge. 2020. “Sampling-Based Versus Design-Based Uncertainty in Regression Analysis.” Econometrica 88 (0): 265–96.
Abadie, Alberto, Alexis Diamond, and Jens Hainmueller. 2010. “Synthetic Control Methods for Comparative Case Studies: Estimating the Effect of California’s Tobacco Control Program.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 105 (490): 493–505.
———. 2015. “Comparative Politics and the Synthetic Control Method.” American Journal of Political Science 59 (2): 495–510.
Abadie, Alberto, and Javier Gardeazabal. 2003. “The Economic Costs of Conflict: A Case Study of the Basque Country.” American Economic Review 93 (1): 113–32.
Abadie, Alberto, and Guido Imbens. 2006. “Large Sample Properties of Matching Estimators for Average Treatment Effects.” Econometrica 74 (1): 235–67.
———. 2011. “Bias-Corrected Matching Estimators for Average Treatment Effects.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 29: 1–11.
Abadie, Alberto, and Guido W. Imbens. 2008. “On the Failure of the Bootstrap for Matching Estimators.” Econometrica 76 (6): 1537–57.
Adudumilli, Karun. 2018. “Bootstrap Inference for Propensity Score Matching.”
Aizer, Anna, and Joseph J. Doyle. 2015. “Juvenile Incarceration, Human Capital, and Future Crime: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 130 (2): 759–803.
Almond, Douglas, Joseph J. Doyle, Amanda Kowalski, and Heidi Williams. 2010. “Estimating Returns to Medical Care: Evidence from at-Risk Newborns.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 125 (2): 591–634.
Anderson, D. Mark, Benjamin Hansen, and Dan I. Rees. 2013. “Medical Marijuana Laws, Traffic Fatalities, and Alcohol Consumption.” Journal of Law and Economics 56 (May).
Angrist, Joshua D. 1990. “Lifetime Earnings and the Vietnam Era Draft Lottery: Evidence from Social Security Administrative Records.” American Economic Review 80 (3): 313–36.
Angrist, Joshua D., Guido W. Imbens, and Alan B. Krueger. 1999. “Jacknnife Instrumental Variables Estimation.” Journal of Applied Econometrics 14: 57–67.
Angrist, Joshua D., Guido W. Imbens, and Donald B. Rubin. 1996. “Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 87: 328–36.
Angrist, Joshua D., and Alan B. Krueger. 1991. “Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?” Quarterly Journal of Economics 106 (4): 979–1014.
———. 2001. “Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 15 (4): 69–85.
Angrist, Joshua D., and Victor Lavy. 1999. “Using Maimonides’ Rule to Estimate the Effect of Class Size on Scholastic Achievement.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114 (2): 533–75.
Angrist, Joshua D., and Jorn-Steffen Pischke. 2009. Mostly Harmless Econometrics. 1st ed. Princeton University Press.
Arnold, David, Will Dobbie, and Crystal S. Yang. 2018. “Racial Bias in Bail Decisions.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 133 (4): 1885–1932.
Ashenfelter, Orley. 1978. “Estimating the Effect of Training Programs on Earnings.” Review of Economics and Statistics 60: 47–57.
Athey, Susan, Mohsen Bayati, Nikolay Doudchenko, Guido W. Imbens, and Khashayar Khosravi. 2018. “Matrix Completion Methods for Causal Panel Data Models.”
Athey, Susan, and Guide W. Imbens. 2017a. “The State of Applied Econometrics: Causality and Policy Evaluation.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 31 (2): 3–32.
Athey, Susan, and Guido W. Imbens. 2017b. “The Econometrics of Randomized Experiments.” In, 1:73–140. Elsevier.
Auld, M. Christopher, and Paul Grootendorst. 2004. “An Empirical Analysis of Milk Addiction.” Journal of Health Economics 23 (6): 1117–33.
Baicker, Katherine, Sarah L. Taubman, Heidi L. Allen, Mira Bernstein, Jonathan Gruber, Joseph Newhouse, Eric Schneider, Bill Wright, Alam Zaslavsky, and Amy Finkelstein. 2013. “The Oregon Experiment – Effects of Medicaid on Clinical Outcomes.” New England Journal of Medicine 368 (May): 1713–22.
Band, Heejung, and James M. Robins. 2005. “Doubly Robust Estimation in Missing Data and Causal Inference Models.” Biometrics 61: 962–72.
Barnow, Burt S., Glen G. Cain, and Arthur Goldberger. 1981. “Selection on Observables.” Evaluation Studies Review Annual 5: 43–59.
Barreca, Alan I., Melanie Guldi, Jason M. Lindo, and Glen R. Waddell. 2011. “Saving Babies? Revisiting the Effect of Very Low Birth Weight Classification.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 126 (4): 2117–23.
Barreca, Alan I., Jason M. Lindo, and Glen R. Waddell. 2016. “Heaping-Induced Bias in Regression-Discontinuity Designs.” Economic Inquiry 54 (1): 268–93.
Bartik, Timothy J. 1991. Who Benefits from State and Local Economic Development Policies? Kalamazoo, Michigan: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Becker, Gary. 1968. “Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach.” The Journal of Political Economy 76: 169–217.
———. 1994. Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education. 3rd ed. University of Chicago Press.
Becker, Gary S. 1993. “The Economic Way of Looking at Life.”
Becker, Gary S., Michael Grossman, and Kevin M. Murphy. 2006. “The Market for Illegal Gods: The Case of Drugs.” Journal of Political Economy 114 (1): 38–60.
Becker, Gary S., and Kevin M. Murphy. 1988. “A Theory of Rational Addiction.” Journal of Political Economy 96 (4).
Beland, Louis-Philippe. 2015. “Political Parties and Labor-Market Outcomes: Evidence from US States.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 7 (4): 198–220.
Bertrand, Marianne, Esther Duflo, and Sendhil Mullainathan. 2004. “How Much Should We Trust Differences-in-Differences Estimates?” Quarterly Journal of Economics 119 (1): 249–75.
Binder, John. 1998. “The Event Study Methodology Since 1969.” Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting 11: 111–37.
Black, Sandra E. 1999. “Do Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation of Elementary Education.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114 (2): 577–99.
Blanchard, Olivier Jean, and Lawrence F. Katz. 1992. “Regional Evolutions.” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1: 1–75.
Bodory, Hugo, Lorenzo Camponovo, Martin Huber, and Michael Lechner. 2020. “The Finite Sample Performance of Inference Methods for Propensity Score Matching and Weighting Estimators.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 38 (1).
Borusyak, Kirill, Peter Hull, and Xavier Jaravel. 2019. “Quasi-Experimental Shift-Share Research Designs.”
Borusyak, Kirill, and Xavier Jaravel. 2018. “Revisiting Event Study Designs.”
Bound, John, David A. Jaeger, and Regina M. Baker. 1995. “Problems with Instrumental Variables Estimation When the Correlation Between the Instruments and the Endogenous Explanatory Variable Is Weak.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 90 (430).
Brooks, John M., and Robert L. Ohsfeldt. 2013. “Squeezing the Balloon: Propensity Scores and Unmeasured Covariate Balance.” Health Services Research 48 (4): 1487–507.
Buchanan, James. 1996. “Letter to the Editor.” Wall Street Journal.
Buchmueller, Thomas C., John DiNardo, and Robert G. Valletta. 2011. “The Effect of an Employer Health Insurance Mandate on Health Insurance Coverage and the Demand for Labor: Evidence from Hawaii.” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 3 (4): 25–51.
Buckles, Kasey, and Daniel Hungerman. 2013. “Season of Birth and Later Outcomes: Old Questions, New Answers.” Review of Economics and Statistics 95 (3): 711–24.
Busso, Matias, John DiNardo, and Justin McCrary. 2014. “New Evidence on the Finite Sample Properties of Propensity Score Reweighting and Matching Estimators.” Review of Economics and Statistics 96 (5): 885–97.
Callaway, Brantly, and Pedro H. C. Sant’Anna. 2019. “Difference-in-Differences with Multiple Time Periods.”
Calonico, Sebastian, Matis D. Cattaneo, and Rocio Titiunik. 2014. “Robust Nonparametric Confidence Intervals for Regression-Discontinuity Designs.” Econometrica 82 (6): 2295–2326.
Cameron, A. Colin, Jonah B. Gelbach, and Douglas L. Miller. 2008. “Bootstrap-Based Improvements for Inference with Clustered Errors.” Review of Economics and Statistics 90 (3): 414–27.
———. 2011. “Robust Inference with Multiway Clustering.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 29 (2): 238–49.
Card, David. 1990. “The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 43 (2): 245–57.
———. 1995. “Aspects of Labour Economics: Essays in Honour of John Vanderkamp.” In. University of Toronto Press.
Card, David, Carlos Dobkin, and Nicole Maestas. 2008. “The Impact of Nearly Universal Insurance Coverage on Health Care Utilization: Evidence from Medicare.” American Economic Review 98 (5): 2242–58.
———. 2009. “Does Medicare Save Lives?” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 124 (2): 597–636.
Card, David, and Alan Krueger. 1994. “Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.” American Economic Review 84: 772–93.
Card, David, David S. Lee, Zhuan Pei, and Andrea Weber. 2015. “Inference on Causal Effects in a Generalized Regression Kink Design.” Econometrica 84 (6): 2453–83.
Card, David, and Giovanni Peri. 2016. “Immigration Economics: A Review.”
Carpenter, Christopher, and Carlos Dobkin. 2009. “The Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Mortality: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from the Minimum Drinking Age.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1 (1): 164–82.
Carrell, Scott E., Mark Hoekstra, and James E. West. 2011. “Does Drinking Impair College Performance? Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Approach.” Journal of Public Economics 95: 54–62.
———. 2019. “The Impact of College Diversity on Behavior Toward Minorities.” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy Forthcoming.
Cattaneo, Matias D., Brigham R. Frandsen, and Rocio Titiunik. 2015. “Randomization Inference in the Regression Discontinuity Design: An Application to Party Advantages in the u.s. Senate.” Journal of Causal Inference 3 (1): 1–24.
Cattaneo, Matias D., Michael Jansson, and Xinwei Ma. 2019. “Simply Local Polynomial Density Estimators.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 00 (0): 1–7.
Caughey, Devin, and Jasjeet S. Sekhon. 2011. “Elections and the Regression Discontinuity Design: Lessons from Close u.s. House Races, 1942-2008.” Political Analysis 19: 385–408.
Cengiz, Doruk, Arindrajit Dube, Attila Lindner, and Ben Zipperer. 2019. “The Effect of Minimum Wages on Low-Wage Jobs.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 134 (3): 1405–54.
Chaisemartin, Clément de, and Xavier D’Haultfœuille. 2019. “Two-Way Fixed Effects Estimators with Heterogeneous Treatment Effects.”
Charles, Kerwin Kofi, and Melvin Stephens. 2006. “Abortion Legalization and Adolescent Substance Use.” Journal of Law and Economics 49: 481–505.
Cheng, Cheng, and Mark Hoekstra. 2013. “Does Strengthening Self-Defense Law Deter Crime or Escalate Violence? Evidence from Expansions to Castle Doctrine.” Journal of Human Resources 48 (3): 821–54.
Christakis, Nicholas A., and James H. Fowler. 2007. “The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network over 32 Years.” New England Journal of Medicine 357 (4): 370–79.
Cochran, W. G. 1968. “The Effectiveness of Adjustment by Subclassification in Removing Bias in Observational Studies.” Biometrics 24 (2): 295–313.
Cohen-Cole, Ethan, and Jason Fletcher. 2008. “Deteching Implausible Social Network Effects in Acne, Height, and Headaches: Longtiudinal Analysis.” British Medical Journal 337 (a2533).
Coleman, Thomas S. 2019. “Causality in the Time of Cholera: John Snow as a Prototype for Causal Inference.”
Coles, Peter. 2019. “Einstein, Eddington and the 1919 Eclipse.” Nature 568 (7752): 306–7.
Conley, Dalton, and Jason Fletcher. 2017. The Genome Factor: What the Social Genomics Revolution Reveals about Ourselves, Our History, and the Future. Princeton University Press.
Cook, Thomas D. 2008. ‘Waiting for Life to Arrive’: A History of the Regression-Discontinuity Design in Psychology, Statistics and Economics.” Journal of Econometrics 142: 636–54.
Cornwell, Christopher, and Peter Rupert. 1997. “Unobservable Individual Effects, Marriage and the Earnings of Young Men.” Economic Inquiry 35 (2): 1–8.
Cornwell, Christopher, and William N. Trumbull. 1994. “Estimating the Economic Model of Crime with Panel Data.” Review of Economics and Statistics 76 (2): 360–66.
Craig, Michael. 2006. The Professor, the Banker and the Suicide King: Inside the Richest Poker Game of All Time. Grand Central Publishing.
Crump, Richard K., V. Joseph Hotz, Guido W. Imbens, and Oscar A. Mitnik. 2009. “Dealing with Limited Overlap in Estimation of Average Treatment Effects.” Biometrika 96 (1): 187–999.
Cunningham, Scott, and Christopher Cornwell. 2013. “The Long-Run Effect of Abortion on Sexually Transmitted Infections.” American Law and Economics Review 15 (1): 381–407.
Cunningham, Scott, and Keith Finlay. 2012. “Parental Substance Abuse and Foster Care: Evidence from Two Methamphetamine Supply Shocks?” Economic Inquiry 51 (1): 764–82.
Cunningham, Scott, and Todd D. Kendall. 2011. “Prostitution 2.0: The Changing Face of Sex Work.” Journal of Urban Economics 69: 273–87.
———. 2014. “Examining the Role of Client Reviews and Reputation Within Online Prostitution.” In, edited by Scott Cunningham and Manisha Shah. Vol. Handbook on the Economics of Prostitution. Oxford University Press.
———. 2016. “Prostitution Labor Supply and Education.” Review of Economics of the Household Forthcoming.
Dale, Stacy Berg, and Alan B. Krueger. 2002. “Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection on Observables and Unobservables.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 117 (4): 1491–1527.
Dehejia, Rajeev H., and Sadek Wahba. 1999. “Causal Effects in Nonexperimental Studies: Reevaluating the Evaluation of Training Programs.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 94 (448): 1053–62.
———. 2002. “Propensity Score-Matching Methods for Nonexperimental Causal Studies.” Review of Economics and Statistics 84 (1): 151–61.
Dobbie, Will, Jaconb Goldin, and Crystal S. Yang. 2018. “The Effects of Pretrial Detention on Conviction, Future Crime, and Employment: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Judges.” American Economic Review 108 (2): 201–40.
Dobbie, Will, Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham, and Crystal Yang. 2017. “Consumer Bankruptcy and Financial Health.” Review of Economics and Statistics 99 (5): 853–69.
Dobkin, Carlos, and Nancy Nicosia. 2009. “The War on Drugs: Methamphetamine, Public Health and Crime.” American Economic Review 99 (1): 324–49.
Donald, Stephen G., and Whitney K. Newey. 2001. “Choosing the Number of Instruments.” Econometrica 69 (5): 1161–91.
Donohue, John J., and Steven D. Levitt. 2001. “The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 116 (2): 379–420.
Doudchenko, Nikolay, and Guido Imbens. 2016. “Balancing, Regression, Difference-in-Differences and Synthetic Control Methods: A Synthesis.”
Doyle, Joseph J. 2007. “Child Protection and Adult Crime: Using Investigator Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects of Foster Care.”
———. 2008. “Child Protection and Child Outcomes: Measuring the Effects of Foster Care.” American Economic Review Forthcoming.
Dube, Arindrajit, T. William Lester, and Michael Reich. 2010. “Minimum Wage Effects Across State Borders: Estimates Using Contiguous Counties.” Review of Economics and Statistics 92 (4): 945–64.
Efron, Bradley. 1979. “Bootstrap Methods: Another Look at the Jackknife.” The Annals of Statistics 7 (1): 1–26.
Eggers, Andrew C., Anthony Fowler, Jens Hainmueller, Andrew B. Hall, and James M. Snyder Jr. 2014. “On the Validity of the Regression Discontinuity Design for Estimating Electoral Effects: New Evidence from over 40,000 Close Races.” American Journal of Political Science 59 (1).
Elwert, Felix, and Christopher Winship. 2014. “Endogenous Selection Bias: The Problem of Conditioning on a Collider Variable.” Annual Review of Sociology 40: 31–53.
Ferman, Bruno, and Cristine Pinto. 2019. “Synthetic Controls with Imperfect Pre-Treatment FIt.”
Ferman, Bruno, Cristine Pinto, and Vitor Possebom. 2020. “Cherry Picking with Synthetic Controls.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management Forthcoming.
Finkelstein, Amy, Sarah Taubman, Bill Wright, Mira Bernstein, Jonathan Gruber, Joseph P. Newhouse, Heidi Allen, and Katherine Baicker. 2012. “The Oregon Health Insurance Experiment: Evidence from the First Year.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 127 (3): 1057–1106.
Firpo, Sergio, and Vitor Possebom. 2018. “Synthetic Control Method: Inference, Sensitivity Analysis and Confidence Sets.” Journal of Causal Inference 6 (2).
Fisher, R. A. 1935. The Design of Experiments. Edinburgh: Oliver; Boyd.
Fisher, Roland A. 1925. Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Oliver; Boyd, Edinburg.
Foote, Christopher L., and Christopher F. Goetz. 2008. “The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime: Comment.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 123 (1): 407–23.
Frandsen, Brigham R., Lars J. Lefgren, and Emily C. Leslie. 2019. “Judging Judge Fixed Effects.”
Freedman, David A. 1991. “Statistical Models and Shoe Leather.” Sociological Methodology 21: 291–313.
Freeman, Richard B. 1980. “An Empirical Analysis of the Fixed Coefficient ‘Manpower Requirement’ Mode, 1960-1970.” Journal of Human Resources 15 (2): 176–99.
Frisch, Ragnar, and Frederick V. Waugh. 1933. “Partial Time Regressions as Compared with Individuals Trends.” Econometrica 1 (4): 387–401.
Fryer, Roland. 2019. “An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force.” Journal of Political Economy 127 (3).
Gaudet, Frederick J., George S. Harris, and Charles W. St. John. 1933. “Individual Differences in the Sentencing Tendencies of Judges.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 23 (5): 811–18.
Gauss, Carl Friedrich. 1809. Theoria Motus Corporum Coelestium. Perthes et Besser, Hamburg.
Gelman, Andrew, and Guido Imbens. 2019. “Why Higher-Order Polynomials Should Not Be Used in Regression Discontinuity Designs.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 37 (3): 447–56.
Gertler, Paul, Manisha Shah, and Stefano M. Bertozzi. 2005. “Risky Business: The Market for Unprotected Commercial Sex.” Journal of Political Economy 113 (3): 518–50.
Gilchrist, Duncan Sheppard, and Emily Glassberg Sands. 2016. “Something to Talk about: Social Spillovers in Movie Consumption.” Journal of Political Economy 124 (5): 1339–82.
Goldberger, A. S. 1972. “Selection Bias in Evaluating Treatment Effects: Some Formal Illustrations.”
Goldsmith-Pinkham, Paul, and Guido W. Imbens. 2013. “Social Networks and the Identification of Peer Effects.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 31 (3).
Goldsmith-Pinkham, Paul, Isaac Sorkin, and Henry Swift. 2020. “Bartik Instruments: What, When, Why, and How.” American Economic Review Forthcoming.
Goodman-Bacon, Andrew. 2019. “Difference-in-Differences with Variation in Treatment Timing.”
Graddy, Kathryn. 2006. “The Fulton Fish Market.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 20 (2): 207–20.
Gruber, Jonathan. 1994. “The Incidence of Mandated Maternity Benefits.” American Economic Review 84 (3): 622–41.
Gruber, Jonathan, Phillip B. Levine, and Douglas Staiger. 1999. “Abortion Legalization and Child Living Circumstances: Who Is the ‘Marginal Child?’.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 114 (1): 263–91.
Haavelmo, Trygve. 1943. “The Statistical Implications of a System of Simultaneous Equations.” Econometrica 11 (1): 1–12.
Hahn, Jinyong, Petra Todd, and Wilbert van der Klaauw. 2001. “Identification and Estimation of Treatment Effects with a Regression-Discontinuity Design.” Econometrica 69 (1): 201–9.
Hamermesh, Daniel S., and Jeff E. Biddle. 1994. “Beauty and the Labor Market.” American Economic Review 84 (5): 1174–94.
Hansen, Ben. 2015. “Punishment and Deterrence: Evidence from Drunk Driving.” American Economic Review 105 (4): 1581–1617.
Hájek, J. 1971. “Comment on ‘an Essay on the Logical Foundations of Survey Sampling, Part One’.” In. Holt, Rinehart; Winston.
Heckman, James J. 1979. “Sample Selection Bias as a Specificaiton Error.” Econometrica 47 (1): 153–61.
Heckman, James J., and Edward J. Vytlacil. 2007. “Econometric Evaluation of Social Programs, Part i: Causal Models, Structural Models and Econometric Policy Evaluation.” In, 6B:4779–874. Elsevier.
Heckman, James, and Rodrigo Pinto. 2015. “Causal Analysis After Haavelmo.” Econometric Theory 31 (1): 115–51.
Hirano, Keisuke, and Guido W. Imbens. 2001. “Estimation of Causal Effects Using Propensity Score Weighting: An Application to Data on Right Heart Catheterization.” Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology 2: 259–78.
Hoekstra, Mark. 2009. “The Effect of Attending the Flagship State University on Earnings: A Discontinuity-Based Approach.” Review of Economics and Statistics 91 (4): 717–24.
Holtzman, Wayne H. 1950. “The Unbiased Estimate of the Population Variance and Standard Deviation.” The American Journal of Psychology 63 (4): 615–17.
Hong, Seung Hyun. 2013. “Measuring the Effect of Napster on Recorded Music Sales: Difference-in-Differences Estimates Under Compositional Changes.” Journal of Applied Econometrics 28 (2): 297–324.
Horvitz, D. G., and D. J. Thompson. 1952. “A Generalization of Sampling Without Replacement from a Finite Universe.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 47 (260): 663–85.
Hume, David. 1993. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding: With Hume’s Abstract of a Treatise of Human Nature and a Letter from a Gentleman to His Friend in Edinburgh. 2nd ed. Hackett Publishing Company.
Iacus, Stefano M., Gary King, and Giuseppe Porro. 2012. “Causal Inference Without Balance Checking: Coarsened Exact Matching.” Political Analysis 20 (1): 1–24.
Imai, Kosuke, and In Song Kim. 2017. “When Should We Use Fixed Effects Regression Models for Causal Inference with Longitudinal Data.”
Imai, Kosuke, and Marc Ratkovic. 2013. “Covariate Balancing Propensity Score.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Statistical Methodology Series B 76 (1): 243–63.
Imbens, Guide W., and Donald B. Rubin. 2015. Causal Inference for Statistics, Social and Biomedical Sciences: An Introduction. 1st ed. Cambridge University Press.
Imbens, Guideo W., and Joshua D. Angrist. 1994. “Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects.” Econometrica 62 (2): 467–75.
Imbens, Guido W. 2000. “The Role of the Propensity Score in Estimating Dose-Response Functions.” Biometrika 87 (3): 706–10.
———. 2019. “Potential Outcome and Directed Acyclic Graph Approaches to Causality: Relevance for Empirical Practices in Economics.”
Imbens, Guido W., and Thomas Lemieux. 2008. “Regression Discontinuity Designs: A Guide to Practice.” Journal of Econometrics 142: 615–35.
Imbens, Guido, and Karthik Kalyanaraman. 2011. “Optimal Bandwidth Choice for the Regression Discontinuity Estimator.” The Review of Economic Studies 79 (3): 933–59.
Jacob, Brian A., and Lars Lefgen. 2004. “Remedial Education and Student Achivement: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 86 (1): 226–44.
Joyce, Ted. 2004. “Did Legalized Abortion Lower Crime?” The Journal of Human Resources 39 (1): 1–28.
———. 2009. “A Simple Test of Abortion and Crime.” Review of Economics and Statistics 91 (1): 112–23.
Juhn, Chinhui, Kevin M. Murphy, and Brooks Pierce. 1993. “Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill.” Journal of Political Economy 101 (3): 410–42.
Kahn-Lang, Ariella, and Kevin Lang. 2019. “The Promise and Pitfalls of Differences-in-Differences: Reflections on 16 and Pregnant and Other Applications.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics forthcoming: 1–14.
King, Gary, and Richard Nielsen. 2019. “Why Propensity Scores Should Not Be Used for Matching.” Political Analysis 27 (4).
King, Gary, and Langche Zeng. 2006. “The Dangers of Extreme Counterfactuals.” Political Analysis 14 (2): 131–59.
Klaauw, Wilbert van der. 2002. “Estimating the Effect of Financial Aid Offers on College Enrollment: A Regression-Discontinuity Approach.” International Economic Review 43 (4): 1249–87.
Kling, Jeffrey R. 2006. “Incarceration Length, Employment, and Earnings.” American Economic Review 96 (3): 863–76.
Knox, Dean, Will Lowe, and Jonathan Mummolo. 2020. “Administrative Records Mask Racially Biased Policing.” American Political Science Review Forthcoming.
Kofoed, Michael S., and Elizabeth McGovney. 2019. “The Effect of Same-Gender and Same-Race Role Models on Occupation Choice: Evidence from Randomly Assigned Mentors at West Point.” Journal of Human Resources 54 (2).
Kolesár, Michal, and Christoph Rothe. 2018. “Inference in Regression Discontinuity Designs with a Discrete Running Variable.” American Economic Review 108 (8): 2277–2304.
Krueger, Alan. 1999. “Experimental Estimates of Education Production Functions.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114 (2): 497–532.
Lalonde, Robert. 1986. “Evaluating the Econometric Evaluations of Training Programs with Experimental Data.” American Economic Review 76 (4): 604–20.
Lee, David S., and David Card. 2008. “Regression Discontinuity Inference with Specification Error.” Journal of Econometrics 142 (2): 655–74.
Lee, David S., and Thomas Lemieux. 2010. “Regresion Discontinuity Designs in Economics.” Journal of Economic Literature 48: 281–355.
Lee, David S., Enrico Moretti, and Matthew J. Butler. 2004. “Do Voters Affect or Elect Policies: Evidence from the u.s. House.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 119 (3): 807–59.
Leslie, Emily, and Nolan G. Pope. 2018. “The Unintended Impact of Pretrial Detention on Case Outcomes: Evidence from New York City Arraignments.” Journal of Law and Economics 60 (3): 529–57.
Levine, Phillip B. 2004. Sex and Consequences: Abortion, Public Policy, and the Economics of Fertility. 1st ed. Princeton University Press.
Levine, Phillip B., Douglas Staiger, Thomas J. Kane, and David J. Zimmerman. 1999. “Roe v. Wade and American Fertility.” American Journal of Public Health 89 (2): 199–203.
Levitt, Steven D. 2004. “Understanding Why Crime Fell in the 1990s: Four Factors That Explain the Decline and Six That Do Not.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 18 (1): 163–90.
Lewis, David. 1973. “Causation.” The Journal of Philosophy 70 (17): 556–67.
Lindo, Jason, Caitlyn Myers, Andrea Schlosser, and Scott Cunningham. 2019. “How Far Is Too Far? New Evidence on Abortion Clinic Closures, Access and Abortions.” Journal of Human Resources forthcoming.
Lott, John R., and David B. Mustard. 1997. “Crime, Deterrence and the Right-to-Carry Concealed Handguns.” Journal of Legal Studies 26: 1–68.
Lovell, Michael C. 1963. “Seasonal Adjustment of Economic Time Series and Multiple Regression Analysis.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 58 (304): 991–1010.
———. 2008. “A Simple Proof of the FWL Theorem.” Journal of Economic Education 39 (1): 88–91.
Lyle, David S. 2009. “The Effects of Peer Group Heterogeneity on the Production of Human Capital at West Point.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 1 (4): 69–84.
MacKinnon, James G., and Matthew D. Webb. 2017. “Wild Bootstrap Inference for Wildly Different Cluster Sizes.” Journal of Applied Econometrics 32 (2): 233–54.
Manski, Charles F. 1993. “Identification of Endogenous Social Effects: The Reflection Problem.” Review of Economic Studies 60: 531–42.
Manski, Charles F., and John V. Pepper. 2018. “How Do Right-to-Carry Laws Affect Crime Rates? Coping with Ambiguity Using Bounded-Variation Assumptions.” Review of Economics and Statistics 100 (2): 232–44.
Matsueda, Ross L. 2012. “Handbook of Structural Equation Modeling.” In. Guilford Press.
McCrary, Justin. 2008. “Manipulation of the Running Variable in the Regression Discontinuity Design: A Design Test.” Journal of Econometrics 142: 698–714.
Mcgrayne, Sharon Bertsch. 2012. The Theory That Would Not Die: How Bayes’ Rule Cracked the Enigma Code, Hunted down Russian Submarines, and Emerged Triumphant from Two Centuries of Controversy. Yale University Press.
Meer, Jonathan, and Jeremy West. 2016. “Effects of the Minimum Wage on Employment Dynamics.” Journal of Human Resources 51 (2): 500–522.
Melberg, H. O. 2008. “Rational Addiction Theory - a Survey of Opinions.”
Mill, John Stuart. 2010. A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive. FQ Books.
Miller, Sarah, Sean Altekruse, Norman Johnson, and Laura R. Wherry. 2019. “Medicaid and Mortality: New Evidence from Linked Survey and Administrative Data.”
Millimet, Daniel L., and Rusty Tchernis. 2009. “On the Specification of Propensity Scores, with Applications to the Analysis of Trade Policies.” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics 27 (3): 397–415.
Morgan, Mary S. 1991. The History of Econometric Ideas. Cambridge University Press.
Morgan, Stephen L., and Christopher Winship. 2014. Counterfactuals and Causal Inference: Methods and Principles for Social Research. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press.
Mueller-Smith, Michael. 2015. “The Criminal and Labor Market Impacts of Incarceration.”
Needleman, Martin, and Carolyn Needleman. 1969. “Marx and the Problem of Causation.” Science and Society 33 (3): 322–39.
Neumark, David, J. M. Ian Salas, and William Wascher. 2014. “Revisting the Minimum Wage-Employment Debate: Throwing Out the Baby with the Bathwater?” Industrial and Labor Relations Review 67 (2.5): 608–48.
Newhouse, Joseph P. 1993. Free for All? Lessons from the RAND Health Experiment. Harvard University Press.
Norris, Samuel, Matthew Pecenco, and Jeffrey Weaver. 2020. “The Effects of Parental and Sibling Incarceration: Evidence from Ohio.”
Pearl, Judea. 2009. Causality. 2nd ed. Cambridge University Press.
Peirce, Charles Sanders, and Joseph Jastrow. 1885. “On Small Differences in Sensation.” Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences 3: 73–83.
Peri, Giovanni, and Vasil Yasenov. 2018. “The Labor Market Effects of a Refugee Wave: Synthetic Control Method Meets the Mariel Boatlift.” Journal of Human Resources doi: 10.3368/jhr.54.2.0217.8561R1.
Perkinson, Robert. 2010. Texas Tough: The Rise of America’s Prison Empire. First. Picador.
Perloff, Harvey S. 1957. “Interrelations of State Income and Industrial Structure.” Review of Economics and Statistics 39 (2): 162–71.
Piazza, Jo. 2009. “Megan Fox Voted Worst - but Sexiest - Actress of 2009.”
Powell, David. 2017. “Imperfect Synthetic Controls: Did the Massachusetts Health Care Reform Save Lives?”
Rilke, Ranier Maria. 2012. Letters to a Young Poet. Merchant Books.
Rogeberg, Ole. 2004. “Taking Absurd Theories Seriously: Economics and the Case of Rational Addiction Theories.” Philosophy of Science 71: 263–85.
Rosen, Sherwin. 1986. “Handbook of Labor Economics.” In. Vol. 1. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Rosenbaum, Paul R., and Donald B. Rubin. 1983. “The Central Role of the Propensity Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects.” Biometrika 70 (1): 41–55.
Rubin, Donald. 1974. “Estimating Causal Effects of Treatments in Randominzed and Nonrandomized Studies.” Journal of Educational Psychology 66 (5): 688–701.
Rubin, Donald B. 1977. “Assignment to Treatment Group on the Basis of a Covariate.” Journal of Educational Statistics 2: 1–26.
———. 2005. “Causal Inference Using Potential Outcomes: Design, Modeling, Decisions.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 100 (469): 322–31.
———. 2007. “The Design Versus the Analysis of Observational Studies for Causal Effects: Parallels with the Design of Randomized Trials.” Statistics in Medicine 26 (1): 20–36.
———. 2008. “For Objective Causal Inference, Design Trumps Analysis.” The Annals of Applied Statistics 2 (3): 808–40.
Sacerdote, Bruce. 2001. “Peer Effects with Random Assignment: Results for Dartmouth Roommates.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, May, 681–704.
Sant’Anna, Pedro H. C., and Jun B. Zhao. 2018. “Doubly Robust Difference-in-Differences Estimators.”
Sharpe, Jamie. 2019. “Re-Evaluating the Impact of Immigration on the US Rental Housing Market.” Journal of Urban Economics 111 (C): 14–34.
Smith, Adam. 2003. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Bantam Classics.
Smith, Jeffrey A., and Petra E. Todd. 2001. “Reconciling Conflicting Evidence on the Performance on Propensity-Score Matching Methods.” American Economic Review 91 (2): 112–18.
———. 2005. “Does Matching Overcome LaLonde’s Critique of Nonexperimental Estimators?” Journal of Econometrics 125 (1-2): 305–53.
Snow, John. 1855. On the Mode of Communication of Cholera. 2nd ed. John Churchill.
Splawa-Neyman, Jerzy. 1923. “On the Application of Probability Theory to Agricultural Experiments. Essay on Principles.” Annals of Agricultural Sciences, 1–51.
Staiger, Douglas, and James H. Stock. 1997. “Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments.” Econometrica 65 (3): 557–86.
Steiner, Peter M., Yongnam Kim, Courtney E. Hall, and Dan Su. 2017. “Graphical Models for Quasi-Experimental Designs.” Sociological Methods and Research 46 (2): 155–88.
Stevenson, Megan T. 2018. “Distortion of Justice: How the Inability to Pay Bail Affects Case Outcomes.” The Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 34 (4): 511–42.
Stigler, Stephen M. 1980. “Stigler’s Law of Eponymy.” Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences 39: 147–58.
Stock, James H., and Francesco Trebbi. 2003. “Who Invented Instrumental Variable Regression?” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 17 (3): 177–94.
Sun, Liyang, and Sarah Abraham. 2020. “Estimating Dynamic Treatment Effects in Event Studies with Heterogenous Treatment Effects.”
Thistlehwaite, Donald, and Donald Campbell. 1960. “Regression-Discontinuity Analysis: An Alternative to the Ex-Post Facto Experiment.” Journal of Educational Psychology 51: 309–17.
Thornton, Rebecca L. 2008. “The Demand for, and Impact of, Learning HIV Status.” American Economic Review 98 (5): 1829–63.
Waldfogel, Joel. 1995. “The Selection Hypotehsis and the Relationship Between Trial and Plaintiff Victory.” Journal of Political Economy 103 (2): 229–60.
White, Halbert. 1980. “A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity.” Econometrica 48 (4): 817–38.
Wolpin, Kenneth I. 2013. The Limits of Inference Without Theory. MIT Press.
Wooldridge, Jeffrey. 2010. Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. 2nd ed. MIT Press.
———. 2015. Introductory Econometrics: A Modern Approach. 6th ed. South-Western College Pub.
Wright, Phillip G. 1928. The Tariff on Animal and Vegetable Oils. The Macmillan Company.
Young, Alwyn. 2019. “Chanelling Fisher: Randomization Tests and the Statistical Insignificance of Seemingly Significant Experimental Results.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 134 (2): 557–98.
Yule, G. Udny. 1899. “An Investigation into the Causes of Changes in Pauperism in England, Chiefly During the Last Two Interensal Decades.” Journal of Royal Statistical Society 62: 249–95.
Zhao, Qingyuan. 2019. “Covariate Balancing Propensity Score by Tailored Loss Functions.” The Annals of Statistics 47 (2): 965–93.
Zubizarreta, Jose R. 2015. “Stable Weights That Balance Covariates for Estimation with Incomplete Outcome Data.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 110 (511).